TEXTILE OF BHUTAN

The Textile Industry in Bhutan-Get a Glimpse of Bhutan’s Authentic Tradition

Bhutan textile industry is mainly engaged in the activities of yarn production, weaving, processing as well as embroidery.

Bhutan-‘Land with Spectacular Beauty’

Bhutan, ‘the land of thunder dragon’ is an iconic tourist destination in the world. Adorned with high mountain peaks, lavishing landscapes, serene monasteries, and crazy nightlife, Bhutan is one of the best places to explore in the world. Encompassing 38,729 sq.km of total area, Bhutan offers a vast area for the development of textile industries. A major part of this country’s population is associated with the textile industry.

National Textile Museum-‘An Institute of learning Weaving Patterns’

Established in 2001, the National Textile Museum has accumulated a substantial collection of antique textile artifacts of Bhutan. The objective of this museum is to promote Bhutan’s achievements in the field of textile arts and in the weaving patterns.

Different Kinds of Weaving Patterns!!

There are 3 types of weaving patterns-

1. Plain weaves: These are usually woven in patterns with stripes and plaids. Those include-

  • Martha
  • Sertha
  • Thara
  • Kamtham Jardrima

2. Warp Pattern Weaves: This type of weaving pattern is characterized by the supplementary warp floating technique that forms bands of repeated motifs on the ground. This type of weaving includes-

  • Mentsi Martha
  • Sertha
  • Lungserma
  • Dromchuchem
  • Mentha

3. Weft Pattern Weaves: Weft patterns are popularly referred to as continuous weft patterns which are very similar to textiles of Southeast Asia. This weaving pattern includes-

  • Sapma
  • Tingma
  • Ngoshom
  • Kushuthara
  • Shilochem

Hubs of Textile Emporium in Bhutan!!

  • Lheunste
  • Bumthang
  • Samdrup Jongkhar
  • Wangdue
  • Pemagatshel
  • Zhemgang
  • Paro
  • Haa
  • Dagana
  • Punakha

Famous Textile Stores in Bhutan You Must Know!!

  • National Handicrafts Emporium
  • Gagyel Lhundrup Weaving Centre
  • Cheencho Handicrafts
  • Kuenphen Terzoed Weaving and Handicraft House

Types of Textiles you should buy While in Bhutan!!

While you are in Bhutan, you must buy some unique souvenirs to take home such as-

  • Eternal knots
  • Double thunderbolts
  • Swastika
  • Bird’s eyes
  • Yak wool
  • Sheep wool
  • Thangkas
  • Wooden Products
  • Phasmina
  • Gho and Kira (Bhutan’s traditional dresses)

Popular FAQs-

Q. How many persons worked in the National Textile Museum?

A. There are approximately 50 persons who worked in National Textile Museum and earned Rs 3,000 depending on their weave pattern.

Q. What is the cost of the traditional dress, Kira in Bhutan?

A. The cost of the traditional dress, Kira in Bhutan is nearly Rs 10,000 for its high and unique designs patterns.

 

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